Subscribe to our Surgical Articles & Webinars

Surgical Articles

Ophthalmology referral
How to make a (good) referral to Ophthalmology – tips and tricks
Ophthalmology has long been the specialty with the most referrals and patient appointments...
Compartment Syndrome
Compartment Syndrome
Acute Compartment Syndrome is one of the few orthopaedic emergencies. If missed,...
Red Eye
Red Eye
Red eye is one of the most common eye presentations you will encounter. Whilst many...
Plastic Surgery
A Career in Plastic Surgery
If you ask most people (medics included!) what they think of when you say plastic...
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to a relapsing and remitting inflammatory...
E Coli
Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea is a very common complaint and may be the reason for a patient’s admission,...
Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis is a condition characterised by the inflammation of the pancreas. These...
Vaginal Bleeding
Vaginal Bleeding
One of the most common obstetric/gynaecological presentations in a hospital/GP setting...
Appendicitis
Appendicitis
Appendicitis is a one of the most common abdominal emergencies worldwide. Your aim...
Abdominal Pain
Abdominal Pain
When you are on call, you will often get a bleep about a patient with abdominal pain....
Duke-Elder Exam
Study Tips for the Duke-Elder Undergraduate Prize Exam
The Duke-Elder Undergraduate Prize Exam is an optional competitive exam run by the...
UTI
Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in adults are extremely common in both primary and...
Eye History & Exam
Eye History & Exam
This is intended for junior doctors on the ward or in ED, covering how to approach...
Dental Traumatology
Introduction to Dental Traumatology for A&E
This article aims to give basic information on the assessment of dental trauma to...
Diverticular Disease
Diverticular Disease
Diverticulae can occur throughout the gastrointestinal tract but are more common...
Spinal Cord
Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression
Spinal cord compression occurs when there is compression of the spinal cord or cauda...
Retinal tears
An Introduction To Retinal Tears
Most common presenting symptoms: Flashing lights or new floatersIntroductionA...
Clot
Deep Vein Thrombosis
A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition in which a blood clot (thrombosis) forms...
Groin Lumps
Groin Lumps
The groin, also known as the inguinal region, extends from the anterior superior...
Endocrinology
Thyroid Disease
As a junior, you will frequently see patients who potentially have thyroid dysfunction....
Visual Loss
Sudden Visual Loss
Loss of vision can be a scary symptom for patients to experience, and a scary presentation...
EF943749-E574-42FB-C9C1E499D730AD0F
Anterior uveitis
Introduction – epidemiology and causes/risk factors:Uveitis is a condition that...
Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy
OverviewDiabetes mellitus can cause both macrovascular (e.g., myocardial infarction,...
Kidney Stone
Kidney Stones
Given how frequently patients present with renal colic, it is helpful for FY1s to...
Chronic Pancreatitis
Chronic Pancreatitis
Chronic pancreatitis is characterised by repeated pancreatic inflammation. This leads...
Gynaecology Assessment & Common Disorders
Gynaecology Assessment & Common Disorders
As gynaecology issues uncommonly present on the ward, many doctors have difficulties...
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
SVC syndrome is an oncological emergency. There is obstruction of the superior vena...
Glaucoma
Chronic open angle glaucoma
Glaucoma can be divided into open-angle or closed-angle glaucoma. Closed-angle glaucoma...
Epistaxis
Epistaxis
Epistaxis is a common presentation, especially amongst the young and elderly population....
Common Dental Issues
Common Dental Issues
A very quick guide to common issues prompting referrals to maxillofacial surgery...
Eye Drops
Overview of eye drops
Medicines reconciliation is the process of accurately listing a person’s medicines....
Colorectal Cancer and Polyps
Colorectal Cancer and Polyps
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancer types seen in the western world....
Ophthalmology Applications
Ophthalmology Applications: How To Get Ahead While Still at Medical School
Ophthalmology is a hugely popular career. Having the skills and ability to improve...
Maxillofacial Surgery
Orofacial Infections
Orofacial infections are a common A&E presentation and are often due to a dental...
Benign Anorectal Pathology
Benign Anorectal Pathology
In this article, we cover common benign anorectal pathologies including haemorrhoids,...
Pupil abnormalities
Pupil abnormalities
Pupillary reflex pathway:Light reaches the retina, travels via ganglion cells...
Ophthalmology Applications
Post Operative Cataract Complications
Cataract Surgery: A Brief IntroductionCataracts are the leading cause of reversible...
Foreign Body in Eye
Removal of foreign body from eye
Foreign body in eye is a very common presentation seen in the emergency department....
Central retinal occlusion
Central retinal artery/vein occlusion
DefinitionSudden onset painless loss of vision is usually due to vascular occlusion....
download
Basic Fracture Management
Whether you’re interested in orthopaedics or not, knowledge of basic fracture management...
Macular Degeneration
Dry and Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)
IntroductionWith an increase in the ageing population globally, we will be seeing...
Diplopia
Diplopia
Diplopia, also known as double vision, happens when there is a mismatch in images...
Tinnitus
Tinnitus
Tinnitus is a common and debilitating medical symptom encountered in the field of...
Duke-Elder Exam
Understanding the MSRA
The Multiple Specialty Recruitment Assessment (MSRA) is a computer-based exam increasingly...
Orthopaedics
Open Fractures
IntroductionClinical DefinitionAn open fracture is when the broken bone breaks...
Toxic-megacolon
CT Abdomen & Pelvis Interpretation
In the webinar below, Dr Henry de Boer (radiology registrar) provides a structured...
Glaucoma
Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma
What is it?A sudden increase in intraocular pressure, which can present as an...
Postnatal
Postnatal Patients
The management and review of postnatal women are usually straightforward. There are...
Orbital Compartment Syndrome
Orbital Compartment Syndrome
No matter what time of the day it is, this is an ophthalmic emergency and requires...
Giant Cell Arteritis
Giant Cell Arteritis
What is it?GCA (Giant cell arteritis) or temporal arteritis is a well known Ophthalmology...
Sore Throat
Foreign Bodies in the Ear, Nose and Throat
IntroductionENT Foreign bodies can be intimidating to the SHO tasked with first...
Red Eye
Chemical Eye Injuries
What is it?Chemical injuries of the eye are ocular emergencies that necessitate...
Keratitis
Keratitis
IntroductionKeratitis is inflammation of the cornea.It may result from infective...
Rheumatology
Lower Limb X-Ray Interpretation
In the webinar below, Dr Joe Kang (radiology registrar) provides a structured approach...
Medical Education
How to set up a teaching programme
In this guide, we’ll walk you through how to set up local, regional and national...
Stock wound photo
Upper Limb X-ray Interpretation
In the webinars below, Dr June Lau & Dr Henry de Boer (radiology registrars)...
ring-enhancing-lesion-ct-brain
CT Head Interpretation
In the webinar below, Dr Sam Kular (interventional radiology fellow) provides a structured...
Surgical Clerking
A Comprehensive Guide to Surgical Clerking
This guide is designed to help you identify the key areas you need to focus on when...
Orbital Cellulitis
Periorbital and Orbital Cellulitis
IntroductionThe orbital septum is a fibrous connective tissue layer which divides...
IV fluids
Prescribing IV Fluids
There are certain situations where you need to prescribe IV fluids which vary from...
Ophthalmology Selection
Updates to Ophthalmology National Selection 2024
The national selection process for ophthalmology is coordinated by NHS England (South...
Picture 1
Papilloedema
IntroductionPapilloedema is optic disc swelling which is specifically secondary...
EF943749-E574-42FB-C9C1E499D730AD0F
Pupil Disorders
Pupil size results from the activity of sympathetic and parasympathetic stimulation...
Core Surgical Training
Applying to Core Surgical Training (CST)
Surgical training has a variety of work to get involved in as well as having many...
Amblyopia
Amblyopia
Amblyopia is a childhood cause of visual impairment. It occurs due to abnormal visual...
Eye Trauma Basics
Basics of eye trauma with emergency pathologies
This article is the first of two articles about traumatic eye injuries. This article...
Cataracts
Introduction to Cataracts
A cataract is “a clouding of the lens of the eye or of its surrounding transparent...
Scans
Requesting Scans
Requesting scans can be a scary daily occurrence for new doctors. It is one of few...
Ophthalmoscope
How to use an Ophthalmoscope
Being able to use an ophthalmoscope confidently is very important to junior doctors,...
Common Eye Trauma
Common Eye Trauma
This article is the second of two articles about traumatic eye injuries. The...
Orbital Cellulitis
Peri-Orbital Cellulitis and Orbital Cellulitis: Diagnosis and Management
Introduction:This exploration of peri-orbital cellulitis and orbital cellulitis...
image-1-5
Hand Infections
Hand infections are a common presentation, they can spread rapidly and cause damage...
AXR
Abdominal X-rays
The advantages of AXRs are far less radiation to patients & that they’re...
Visual field defects
Visual Field Defects: A Summary
The visual field is the entire area a patient can see with their eyes fixes and without...
Ophthalmology Applications
Eyelid Disease
Introduction and AnatomyThe eyelid is important for ensuring physical protection...
Constipation
Constipation
Constipation is one of the most common complaints in hospital, especially on the...
Prescribing analgesia
Prescribing analgesia
When assessing pain, ensure you begin by taking a history to characterise the pain...
PR Bleeding
PR Bleeding
The first thing when called is to identify whether the bleeding is truly a lower...
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Applying to Obstetrics and Gynaecology
In this article, we discuss why you should apply to O&G training, how to build your...
Ophthalmology FY3
How to spend a Foundation Year 3 for an Ophthalmology application (and other things you can do in Foundation training)
Ophthalmology training is becoming increasingly competitive every year and is one...
Suturing
Suturing
Sutures are placed to aid with wound healing following a traumatic laceration or...
Ophthamology
Applying to Ophthalmology
Ophthalmology provides a great deal of variety by combining medicine, surgery &...
ENT
ENT Emergencies
In this article, we cover the main ENT situations you are likely to encounter either...
Gynaecological Examination
Gynaecological Examination
If the thought of conducting an intimate examination or attempting to wield (without...
Pre & Post Operative Care
Pre & Post Operative Care
As a junior doctor, you will frequently look after patients prior to and after their...
Nausea & Vomiting
Nausea & Vomiting
You will frequently get calls regarding nausea & vomiting: many patients present...
Urine Catheter
Urinary Catheterisation
In this article, we discuss when a catheter might be needed and top tips on male...
Diabetic Foot Ulcer
Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Introduction: Diabetic foot ulcerations are a significant complication of diabetes...
Sore Throat
Sore Throat
One of the most common A&E presentations is a sore throat, and while sore throat...
Stomas
Stomas
The word stoma comes from Greek to mean “an opening”. There are many...
NG Tube
Nasogastric Tubes
NG tubes are passed from the nose to the stomach. Depending on the material, they...
Pulmonary embolism
Pulmonary embolism
A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blocked blood vessel in your lungs, most often due...
Urinary Retention
Urinary Retention
Urinary retention can be acute or chronic. When acute it occurs within a number of...
Haematuria
Haematuria
You will regularly see patients with blood in their urine, most often picked up incidentally...
Orthogeriatrics
Orthogeriatrics
Fragility fractures in the elderlyAs a junior doctor on call, in geriatrics or...
Vertigo
Vertigo
Vertigo is described as an “abnormal sensation of motion. It can occur in the absence...
Bowel Obstruction
Bowel Obstruction
Bowel obstruction is a common reason for admission or complication of patients under...
Gallstone
Gallstone Disease
Patients regularly present under the acute take with gallstone disease. The aim of...
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Applying to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS)
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is a mouthful (no pun intended), but you may have...
Hypertensive Retinopathy
Hypertensive Retinopathy
Poorly controlled hypertension results in target-organ damage. In the eye, it results...

Sign up for our awesome resources

Join over 40,000 users who have signed up for our free weekly webinars, referral cheat sheet & other exclusive content!