Ophthalmology

Ophthamology
Updates to Ophthalmology National Selection 2024
The national selection process for ophthalmology is coordinated by NHS England (South...
Ophthamology
Common Eye Trauma
This article is the second of two articles about traumatic eye injuries. The...
Red Eye
Red Eye
Red eye is one of the most common eye presentations you will encounter. Whilst many...
Eye History & Exam
Eye History & Exam
This is intended for junior doctors on the ward or in ED, covering how to approach...
Duke-Elder Exam
Study Tips for the Duke-Elder Undergraduate Prize Exam
The Duke-Elder Undergraduate Prize Exam is an optional competitive exam run by the...
Visual Loss
Sudden Visual Loss
Loss of vision can be a scary symptom for patients to experience, and a scary presentation...
Ophthalmoscope
How to spend a Foundation Year 3 for an Ophthalmology application (and other things you can do in Foundation training)
Ophthalmology training is becoming increasingly competitive every year and is one...
Eye Drops
Overview of eye drops
Medicines reconciliation is the process of accurately listing a person’s medicines....
Ophthalmoscope
Amblyopia
Amblyopia is a childhood cause of visual impairment. It occurs due to abnormal visual...
Ophthalmology Applications
Ophthalmology Applications: How To Get Ahead While Still at Medical School
Ophthalmology is a hugely popular career. Having the skills and ability to improve...
Ophthalmoscope
Hypertensive Retinopathy
Poorly controlled hypertension results in target-organ damage. In the eye, it results...
Ophthalmoscope
How to make a (good) referral to Ophthalmology – tips and tricks
Ophthalmology has long been the specialty with the most referrals and patient appointments...
Diplopia
Diplopia
Diplopia, also known as double vision, happens when there is a mismatch in images...
Foreign Body in Eye
Removal of foreign body from eye
Foreign body in eye is a very common presentation seen in the emergency department....
Macular Degeneration
Dry and Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)
IntroductionWith an increase in the ageing population globally, we will be seeing...
Ophthalmoscope
Diabetic Retinopathy
OverviewDiabetes mellitus can cause both macrovascular (e.g., myocardial infarction,...
Ophthamology
An Introduction To Retinal Tears
Most common presenting symptoms: Flashing lights or new floatersIntroductionA...
Cataracts
Introduction to Cataracts
A cataract is “a clouding of the lens of the eye or of its surrounding transparent...
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Papilloedema
IntroductionPapilloedema is optic disc swelling which is specifically secondary...
Ophthalmoscope
Chronic open angle glaucoma
Glaucoma can be divided into open-angle or closed-angle glaucoma. Closed-angle glaucoma...
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Anterior uveitis
Introduction – epidemiology and causes/risk factors:Uveitis is a condition that...
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Pupil Disorders
IntroductionPupil size results from the activity of sympathetic and parasympathetic...
Ophthalmology Applications
Post Operative Cataract Complications
Cataract Surgery: A Brief IntroductionCataracts are the leading cause of reversible...
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Visual Field Defects: A Summary
The visual field is the entire area a patient can see with their eyes fixes and without...
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Pupil abnormalities
Pupillary reflex pathway:Light reaches the retina, travels via ganglion cells...
Giant Cell Arteritis
Giant Cell Arteritis
What is it?GCA (Giant cell arteritis) or temporal arteritis is a well known Ophthalmology...
Ophthamology
Orbital Compartment Syndrome
No matter what time of the day it is, this is an ophthalmic emergency and requires...
Ophthamology
Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma
What is it?A sudden increase in intraocular pressure, which can present as an...
Ophthalmoscope
Central retinal artery/vein occlusion
DefinitionSudden onset painless loss of vision is usually due to vascular occlusion....
Ophthamology
Chemical Eye Injuries
What is it?Chemical injuries of the eye are ocular emergencies that necessitate...
Duke-Elder Exam
Understanding the MSRA
The Multiple Specialty Recruitment Assessment (MSRA) is a computer-based exam increasingly...
Ophthamology
Keratitis
IntroductionKeratitis is inflammation of the cornea.It may result from infective...
Ophthalmoscope
How to use an Ophthalmoscope
Being able to use an ophthalmoscope confidently is very important to junior doctors,...
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Periorbital and Orbital Cellulitis
IntroductionThe orbital septum is a fibrous connective tissue layer which divides...
Ophthamology
Applying to Ophthalmology
Ophthalmology provides a great deal of variety by combining medicine, surgery &...
Ophthalmology Applications
Eyelid Disease
Introduction and AnatomyThe eyelid is important for ensuring physical protection...
Ophthamology
Basics of eye trauma with emergency pathologies
This article is the first of two articles about traumatic eye injuries. This article...

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