Category: Paediatrics

Paediatric IV Fluid Prescribing

Prescribing IV fluids in paediatrics is different to adult medicine and requires a bit more thinking and some maths. This article breaks down prescribing fluid boluses, maintenance fluids, which fluid to use, and gives some examples at the end

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Neonatal Respiratory Physiology

This may seem like a very subspecialist topic but as part of a paeds job as a junior trainee or FY2 you may be expected to cover a neonatal unit and this may involve looking after ventilated babies. In order to understand neonatal ventilation you have to understand the underlying physiology which is what this article is for!

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A Cheat Sheet for Neonatal Invasive Ventilation

Neonatal ventilation is a complex topic but one you may need to get your head around as an FY2 if you cover a NICU as part of your paeds rotation. You should read our article about neonatal respiratory physiology before reading this to help your understanding!

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Paediatrics

Paediatric DKA is a common but life threatening paediatric emergency and it is important to be able to recognise the signs and symptoms early to initiate the correct treatment .
The management algorithm can appear complicated at first so this article talks through management step by step with worked examples of fluid calculations

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Autism Spectrum Disorder

Background Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that affects around 1.76% of school-age children in the UK. Multiple factors have been proposed in the aetiology of ASD, including various biological and psychological factors. Biological factors include: Psychological theories of ASD: ASD is more commonly diagnosed in males, however this may be due to

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Cystic Fibrosis in Paediatrics

Cystic Fibrosis has a high incidence in the UK and Europe and 1 in 25 people are carriers.
Whilst it is screened for on day 5 of life this does not always detect CF and so it is important to be able to pick up on early signs of symptoms of CF to allow for early treatment and a better prognosis

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Assessing the floppy baby

A “floppy” baby may present in many different ways and there is a long list of differentials for a baby with reduced tone. This article will you refine your diagnostic skills when it comes to assessing the floppy baby.

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Necrotising Enterocolitis

Necrotising enterocolitis is one of the most common neonatal surgical emergencies and is a potentially life-threatening condition. This article talks through the risks for developing NEC and how to spot early signs and manage appropriately

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Bilious Vomiting in the Neonate

“Bilious vomiting” is a common problem you will be asked to review babies for on the postnatal ward or in the neonatal unit. True bilious vomiting can be an emergency and this article will help you to recognise this and know how to act.

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Nephrotic Syndrome in Paediatrics

Nephrotic syndrome is rare but is often misdiagnosed resulting in delayed diagnosis and increased morbidity. This article will help you to accurately diagnose and manage nephrotic syndrome

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