The word cardiomyopathy is used as a general term referring to the abnormal structure or function of the heart. Strictly speaking, the definition of cardiomyopathy excludes myocardial dysfunction due to coronary artery disease, systemic hypertension and valvular or congenital heart disease. However, you will still hear terms such as ‘ischaemic cardiomyopathy’ commonly used in clinical
IMT is an exciting and challenging training programme which will certainly make you a better clinician but you will need perseverance, dedication and resilience to complete it. In this article, we discuss IMT and hope it will help you decide whether it is the correct programme for you. Overview of IMT IMT is a programme
Introduction Functional neurological disorders are some of the most common neurological problems and are conceptualised as disorders of the functioning of the nervous system (rather than the structure). They can cause a wide array of symptoms, such as seizures, weakness and dizziness, and typically there are clinical features that actively support the diagnosis of FND.
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is the third most common dementia across all age groups and the leading type of early-onset dementia. This type affects primarily the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain, with a characteristic pattern of atrophy (brain parenchymal loss) on imaging studies. There are two main subtypes of FTD, Behavioural variant (bvFTD) and
The MRCP part 2 exam is a multiple choice, best-of-five written exam with 2, 3 hour papers. You’ll be familiar with the vague format of the exam if you’ve sat the part 1 exam, but part 2 has a much more clinical focus, compared to part 1’s focus on basic science What it’s assessing If
In people over the age of 65 years, 1 in 11 will have a diagnosis of dementia. Dementia is a chronic, irreversible and progressive condition, not only affecting memory but also an individual’s emotions, behaviour, and executive function. These additional symptoms have a high burden of morbidity for patients and also impact their relatives and
As a foundation doctor, shortness of breath is one of the commonest symptoms you can encounter on the acute take. Causes of shortness of breath are very broad but in this session, we will discuss pleural effusion. The management will vary depending on the causes of pleural effusion, therefore the diagnostic approach is important. The