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Audits & Quality Improvement Projects
Audits & Quality Improvement Projects (QIPs)
Audits & QIPs are a way to identify issues, drive changes and assess the effects...
Bronchiolitis
Bronchiolitis
Introduction Viral infection in children 0-2 years of age (but most commonly <...
ePortfolio
ePortfolio
Your eportfolio is a tool to store and record evidence that demonstrates your progress,...
Referral Cheat Sheet
Referral Cheat Sheet
Our referral cheat sheet is our most popular resource having been downloaded thousands...
Ward Round
Surviving Ward Rounds
It takes time to get used to the ward round. Particularly, when patients are being...
Ranking Foundation Jobs
Ranking Foundation Jobs
If you’re worried about not getting your top choice, you shouldn’t worry....
Fluid Balance
Fluid Balance
Almost every patient admitted to hospital receives IV fluids at some point in their...
IV fluids
Prescribing IV Fluids
There are certain situations where you need to prescribe IV fluids which vary from...
Payslips
Payslips & Income Tax
Each month, your pay and any deductions will be summarised to you in the form of...
Exam
Preparing for the Situational Judgement Test
Preparing for the Situational Judgement Test (SJT) exam can be quite daunting. It...
Prescribing Safety Assessment
Passing the Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA)
The PSA is aimed at final year medical students and those graduating overseas to...
Leave
Leave
As an FY1 doctor, there are different types of leave you will come across during...
Anaesthetics
Applying to Anaesthetics
Anaesthetics is a very hands-on specialty. Day-to-day work will have a mix of practical...
On Call Tips
On Call Tips
FY1s are usually most apprehensive about being on call, but it is also the shift...
Blood Gas
ABG Interpretation
In this article, we will look at more practical aspects of how to read an ABG and...
Writing SLEs
Writing SLEs
SLEs are supervised learning events that include Mini-CEX (mini clinical evaluation...
Falls
Falls
As an F1, you will quite frequently get bleeped to review a patient who has had a...
Claiming Tax Relief
Claiming Tax Relief
This article is about claiming tax relief on essential things for your job –...
Clerking Patients
Clerking Patients: A few tips
Here we assume you know the basics, and instead we focus on the common pitfalls with...
History
How to take a psychiatric history
Psychiatry, as a specialty is unique in that diagnostic methods, rely very heavily...
Insulin
Hyperglycaemia
Hyperglycaemia is something you will encounter frequently. In this article, we focus...
Hyponatraemia
Hyponatraemia
Hyponatraemia (serum Sodium <135 mmol/L) is one of the most common electrolyte...
Mobile Apps
Essential Apps
Here’s a list of apps that are in order of how essential we find them. There’s...
Radiology
Applying to Radiology
Radiology is a very exciting and innovative field of medicine. Radiologists have...
AXR
Abdominal X-rays
The advantages of AXRs are far less radiation to patients & that they’re...
Emergencies
Deteriorating Patient
The deteriorating patient is often the worst nightmare for new FY1s.  I remember...
Drowsy
Reduced GCS
As a doctor, you will frequently be called for a drowsy patient. They can vary from...
Medical Education
How to teach medical students
Balancing your workload as a junior doctor whilst teaching medical students effectively...
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Applying to Obstetrics and Gynaecology
In this article, we discuss why you should apply to O&G training, how to build your...
Hypoxia
Hypoxia
As an FY1, you will be called to review hypoxic ward patients. Here we discuss common...
Prescribing analgesia
Prescribing analgesia
When assessing pain, ensure you begin by taking a history to characterise the pain...
Mental State Examination
Mental State Examination
The mental state examination (MSE) is an observational assessment of a patient’s...
Hypertension
Hypertension in Hospital
As a junior doctor, you will often be called about patients with raised blood pressure...
Breaks and Burnout
Breaks and Burnout
When I left medical school, I thought my only difficulty would be the actual medicine,...
Locums
Locums as an FY1
Finally earning a wage for all your hard work is great and locum work can be a great...
Common Prescribing Errors
Common Prescribing Errors
When I supervise and teach FY1s, prescribing is in the top three things they are...
Maximise Points for Specialty Applications
Maximise Points for Specialty Applications
With the recent removal of additional degrees counting for points towards all specialty...
Ascitic Tap and Drain
Ascitic Tap and Drain
Ascitic aspiration (tap) is routinely performed for every patient admitted with ascites...
Acute Kidney Injury
Acute Kidney Injury
AKI is very common affecting around 20% of inpatients & it is important to recognise...
Femoral Stab
Femoral Stab
Femoral puncture is typically used to acquire blood from a patient in an emergency...
Heparin
Anticoagulation
For new doctors, prescribing anticoagulants can be daunting. A few simple rules can...
Ophthamology
Applying to Ophthalmology
Ophthalmology provides a great deal of variety by combining medicine, surgery &...
Self-Discharge
Self-discharge
Frequently patients wish to self-discharge from hospitals. This article pertains...
Hypoglycaemia
Hypoglycaemia
Management of low blood sugar in conscious & unconscious patients, finding common...
Prioritising Jobs
Prioritising Jobs
I’m going to try and be as generic as possible so that hopefully these tips work...
Chest Pain
Chest Pain
As a junior doctor, you will also often assess patients complaining of chest pain...
Discharge letters
Discharge letters: hints & tips
Writing a discharge summary is a task you are likely to carry out every day, and...
Delirium
Delirium
Acute confusion, otherwise known as delirium, is very common in hospitals: 20-30%...
Seizures
Seizures
Scenario: You are bleeped by one of the staff nurses to review a patient on the orthopaedic...
Reviewing and Requesting Bloods
Reviewing and Requesting Bloods
Here we focus on blood tests requests for a variety of common scenarios you might...
Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial Fibrillation
AF is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia you will encounter. In this article,...
Interpreting Blood Films
Interpreting Blood Films
A blood film looks at our three cell types (erythrocytes, leukocytes & platelets)...
FY1
Preparing for FY1
It is common for FY1s to feel anxious & feel like they’re not ready to...
Ophthalmoscope
How to use an Ophthalmoscope
Being able to use an ophthalmoscope confidently is very important to junior doctors,...
Documentation
Documentation
Medical documentation should authentically represent every consultation and is primarily...
Paracetamol Overdose
Paracetamol Overdose
As an FY1, you will encounter these either during clerking shifts or you may look...
Scans
Requesting Scans
Requesting scans can be a scary daily occurrence for new doctors. It is one of few...
Medication in Diabetes
Medications in Diabetes
In this article, we’ll cover the treatments used in Diabetes Mellitus. We’ll...
Core Surgical Training
Applying to Core Surgical Training (CST)
Surgical training has a variety of work to get involved in as well as having many...
Pre & Post Operative Care
Pre & Post Operative Care
As a junior doctor, you will frequently look after patients prior to and after their...
Death Verification
Death Verification
As a new F1 in August, it can feel like quite a daunting task to verify a death,...
Respiratory Distress
Respiratory Distress
Written by Dr Rebecca Evans, ST3 Paediatrics One of the most common presentations...
Hypokalaemia
Hypokalaemia
As an FY1 you will frequently see hypokalaemia and most trusts have guidelines that...
Upper GI bleed
Upper GI bleed
These patients have the potential to become haemodynamically unstable extremely quickly;...
Discharge Planning
Discharge Planning
It is important for junior doctors to understand what the discharge planning process...
Giant Cell Arteritis
Giant Cell Arteritis
What is it? GCA (Giant cell arteritis) or temporal arteritis is a well known Ophthalmology...
Jaundice
Jaundice & Deranged LFTs
As the FY1, you will see patients with liver dysfunction either on the take or deranged...
NIV
Non-Invasive Ventilation
Non-invasive ventilation is a way of providing ventilatory support to patients in...
Paediatrics
Applying to Paediatrics
On the one hand, you wear a Disney lanyard, with a pocket stuffed with stickers,...
Stroke
Acute Stroke
A stroke is a serious life-threatening medical condition that occurs when the blood...
Hypotension
Hypotension
Expect many bleeps about hypotension from concerned nursing staff. It is a useful...
PR Bleeding
PR Bleeding
The first thing when called is to identify whether the bleeding is truly a lower...
Constipation
Constipation
Constipation is one of the most common complaints in hospital, especially on the...
Discussing Treatment Escalation & DNAR
Discussing Treatment Escalation & DNAR
As an FY1 you should not be expected to make decisions regarding treatment escalation...
NG Tube
Nasogastric Tubes
NG tubes are passed from the nose to the stomach. Depending on the material, they...
Sepsis
Sepsis
Sepsis is an infection with evidence of organ dysfunction. Septic shock is when a...
Diabetes
DKA and HHS
You’ve found a patient is hyperglycaemic & either they are ketotic or have...
Gynaecological Examination
Gynaecological Examination
If the thought of conducting an intimate examination or attempting to wield (without...
COPD
Acute COPD exacerbation
As an FY1, you are unlikely to be expected to make decisions about long term COPD...
Hypercalcaemia
Hypercalcaemia
Serum calcium concentration is tightly regulated between 2.1-2.6mmol/L. Severe hypercalcaemia...
Hyperkalaemia
Hyperkalaemia
Hyperkalaemia can cause life-threatening emergencies particularly cardiac arrhythmias....
Aggressive
Management of the Aggressive Patient
At times as a junior doctor, you will be faced with the management of patients displaying...
Urinary Retention
Urinary Retention
Urinary retention can be acute or chronic. When acute it occurs within a number of...
ECG Basics
ECG Basics
The electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the most common, and important, investigations...
Nausea & Vomiting
Nausea & Vomiting
You will frequently get calls regarding nausea & vomiting: many patients present...
Junior Doctor Contract explained
Junior Doctor Contract explained
In the UK, there are different contracts for each of the different regions: Northern...
Chest X-Rays
Chest X-Rays
In this article, we focus on the interpretation of a CXR. Have a low threshold to...
Transfusion
Transfusion
In this article, we will go through the three most common scenarios you will encounter....
Anaemia
Anaemia
Perhaps the most common blood test you will review daily will be the FBC (full blood...
Palliative
Palliative Care
Dying is a natural process and unfortunately, something that we all come across in...
Common Skin Issues
Common Skin Issues
Dermatology is a vast topic that junior doctors often find daunting. Do read our...
Syncope
Syncope
From the Greek: Syn: together & kopein: to cut - referring to a block in blood supply...
NHS Pension
NHS Pension Scheme (2015)
This article is supplementary to the webinar on the same subject, which you might...
Haematuria
Haematuria
You will regularly see patients with blood in their urine, most often picked up incidentally...
PICC Lines and Midlines
PICC Lines and Midlines
You may well be asked to take blood from a PICC line or be called to see a patient...
Handover
Handover
Handover occurs between shifts to ensure everyone is up to speed with patients. The...
Referrals
Referrals
Often one of the scariest things you can do as you will most likely be speaking to...
Mental Health Act
Sections of the Mental Health Act 1983/2007
What is the MHA? It is legislation that governs patients’ Compulsory detention Treatment...
Orthogeriatrics
Orthogeriatrics
Fragility fractures in the elderly As a junior doctor on call, in geriatrics or in...
Pneumothorax
Pneumothorax
A pneumothorax is defined as the abnormal collection of air between the visceral...
Pulmonary Oedema
Pulmonary Oedema
RCEM has published some clear and comprehensive information which is well worth a...
Mental Capacity
Mental Capacity
Mental Capacity is the ability to make your own decisions at the time at which the...
Cannula
Paediatrics: Venepuncture & Cannulation
This article will discuss how to take blood and cannulate patients in the paediatric...
Urine Catheter
Urinary Catheterisation
In this article, we discuss when a catheter might be needed and top tips on male...
Mortgages
Mortgages for Doctors and NHS Professionals
Getting onto the property ladder is becoming increasingly difficult for first-time...
Death Certificate
Death Certification
After a patient has died you may be asked to complete the death certificate. It may...
Pulmonary embolism
Pulmonary embolism
A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blocked blood vessel in your lungs, most often due...
Abdominal Pain
Abdominal Pain
When you are on call, you will often get a bleep about a patient with abdominal pain....
Describing Skin Lesions
Describing Skin Lesions
It is quite common for you to need to describe rashes for documentation purposes,...
Heart Failure
Heart Failure
Heart Failure is not a diagnosis in itself, rather a collection of symptoms that...
Palpitations
Palpitations
Palpitations can be described as the sensation of an abnormally received heartbeat....
Blood Tests
Venepuncture
Equipment Gloves Hand sanitiser Alcohol wipe Tourniquet Cotton wool/ gauze Needle...
Risk
Risk assessment
Determining the risk of harm to the patient, and sometimes to others, is an essential...
Frailty
Frailty Syndromes
What is frailty? A state of increased vulnerability to poor resolution of homeostasis...
Dementia
Dementia
As an FY1 in hospital, you will come across lots of patients with dementia. They...
FY3
How to plan your FY3
FY3 refers to time spent out of training after completing the foundation programme...
Hypernatraemia
Hypernatraemia
Hypernatraemia is defined as a sodium above 145 mmol/L with severe being more than...
Morbidity & Mortality Meetings
Morbidity & Mortality Meetings
M&M meetings discuss the outcomes of patients and mortality rates, with the view...
Clock
Working Less Than Full Time
Working LTFT in FY1/FY2 Working LTFT can be a great way to improve your work-life...
Pneumonia
Pneumonia
In this article, we will focus on more practical concerns when managing a patient...
General Practice
Applying to General Practice
GP training is one of the most popular pathways. In this article, we discuss how...
Credit Cards
Credit Cards
This article will cover the different types of credit cards, the main things to look...
Cannula
Cannulation
Demonstration video thanks to Geeky Medics Equipment Gloves Hand sanitiser Tourniquet...
Gallstone
Gallstone Disease
Patients regularly present under the acute take with gallstone disease. The aim of...
Work-Life Balance
Work-Life Balance
Work-life balance is a topic that has become increasingly prevalent over the past...
Student Loan
Student Loans - should you repay early?
Student loans are a Government-run scheme in the UK and the most recent plan (Plan...
Alcohol Withdrawal
Alcohol Withdrawal
Suddenly stopping alcohol intake in patients who have been drinking heavily for prolonged...
Asthma
Acute Asthma
You are unlikely to be expected to make decisions about long term asthma management,...
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to a relapsing and remitting inflammatory...
Compartment Syndrome
Compartment Syndrome
Acute Compartment Syndrome is one of the few orthopaedic emergencies. If missed,...
Dealing with a complaint
Dealing with a complaint
Everyone will receive a complaint – this is inevitable. Usually, these are...
Difficult Colleagues
Dealing with difficult colleagues
This is a tricky area to cover as it can be challenging to us both personally and...
Breaking Bad News
Breaking Bad News
As a junior doctor, you will have face situations where you have to convey potentially...
Gifts
10 Gifts for your Colleagues
As we all rotate so frequently between departments, many of us like to get our seniors...
Homes
Understanding Types of Homes
Patients may live or be discharged to a wide variety of social care settings and...
Bowel Obstruction
Bowel Obstruction
Bowel obstruction is a common reason for admission or complication of patients under...
ENT
ENT Emergencies
In this article, we cover the main ENT situations you are likely to encounter either...
Saving Accounts
Savings Accounts
In this article, I will be discussing the different types of savings accounts and...
Occupational Medicine
Applying to Occupational Medicine
Occupation medicine is a fantastic specialty and one with a huge variety of opportunities....
Microbiology Discussions
Microbiology Discussions
A lot of your time as an FY1 will be spent on the phone to various other specialities....
Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s Disease
In this article, we will present several common scenarios involving Parkinson’s disease...
Dialysis
Dialysis Patients
There is an increasing prevalence of end-stage kidney disease and it is therefore...
Red Eye
Red Eye
Red eye is one of the most common eye presentations you will encounter. Whilst many...
Fever in the Returning Traveller
Fever in the Returning Traveller
COVID-19 aside, international travel is easier and more prevalent than ever before,...
Sore Throat
Sore Throat
One of the most common A&E presentations is a sore throat, and while sore throat...
Stomas
Stomas
The word stoma comes from Greek to mean “an opening”. There are many...
Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis is a condition characterised by the inflammation of the pancreas. These...
Eye History & Exam
Eye History & Exam
This is intended for junior doctors on the ward or in ED, covering how to approach...
Performing Arterial Blood Gases
Performing Arterial Blood Gases (ABGs)
Thanks to Geeky Medics for an excellent video demonstration Equipment Gloves Alcohol...
Anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis is a serious, life-threatening allergic reaction. Features include airway...
Groin Lumps
Groin Lumps
The groin, also known as the inguinal region, extends from the anterior superior...
Neutropenic Sepsis
Neutropenic Sepsis
Please read an overview of the management of sepsis before reading this article....
E Coli
Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea is a very common complaint and may be the reason for a patient’s admission,...
Opiate overdose & toxicity
Opiate overdose & toxicity
You will likely encounter an opiate overdose due to the prevalence of opiates for...
Appendicitis
Appendicitis
Appendicitis is a one of the most common abdominal emergencies worldwide. Your aim...
Back Pain
Back Pain
In this article, we cover the assessment and management of back pain. This article...
Headache
Headache
Acute headache is a common complaint that you’ll see whilst on the wards or...
Diabetic Foot Ulcer
Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Introduction: Diabetic foot ulcerations are a significant complication of diabetes...
Hypothermia
Hypothermia
Hypothermia, whilst an infrequently encountered issue during foundation, is a high-risk...
Interpreting CSF Results
Interpreting CSF Results
Understanding how to do an LP and interpret the results is an essential skill for...
Epistaxis
Epistaxis
Epistaxis is a common presentation, especially amongst the young and elderly population....
Paediatrics_ Clerking & Discharge
Paediatrics: Clerking & Discharge tips
As an FY1 it is likely that you will manage paediatric patients during their admission,...
Swollen Joint
Acutely Swollen Joint
There are three joint pain calls you might receive whilst you’re on call or...
Choosing your Future Career
Choosing your Future Career
What does your future hold? Have you thought of a specialty that you want to pursue?...
Lumbar Puncture
Lumbar Puncture
A lumbar puncture uses a fine needle inserted between the vertebrae in the lower...
Clot
Deep Vein Thrombosis
A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition in which a blood clot (thrombosis) forms...
Current Accounts
Current Accounts
This article summarises some key tips and tricks on how to get the most out of your...
CNS Infections
CNS Infections
A CNS infection is one that involves the central nervous system in some way. This...
Kidney Stone
Kidney Stones
Given how frequently patients present with renal colic, it is helpful for FY1s to...
Airway
Difficult Airway Patients
As a doctor, you may come across patients with complex airways. They should be found...
Coding
Clinical Coding
If you’ve ever wondered how hospitals generate income from the work you do...
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Applying to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS)
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is a mouthful (no pun intended), but you may have...
Geriatric Medicine
Applying to Geriatric Medicine
Within Geriatric Medicine you are always working as part of a multidisciplinary team...
Suturing
Suturing
Sutures are placed to aid with wound healing following a traumatic laceration or...
Vaginal Bleeding
Vaginal Bleeding
One of the most common obstetric/gynaecological presentations in a hospital/GP setting...
Vertigo
Vertigo
Vertigo is described as an “abnormal sensation of motion. It can occur in the absence...
Careers Advice
Careers Advice
FY1 is a great opportunity to explore new specialties and start to gain an idea of...
Opiate Withdrawal
Opiate Withdrawal
As doctors, you will frequently see patients with opiate dependence. It isn’t...
Infective Endocarditis
Infective Endocarditis
Infective endocarditis (IE) is relatively rare in the UK. However, delays in diagnosis...
Diverticular Disease
Diverticular Disease
Diverticulae can occur throughout the gastrointestinal tract but are more common...
Loan
Consumer Loans
It’s important for healthcare professionals to have an understanding of the...
Paediatric Prescribing
Paediatrics: Prescribing
As an FY1 it is likely that you will manage paediatric patients during their admission,...
Credit Score
The Credit Score
In this article, we talk about what the credit score means, how it affects you &...
Nutrition
Nutrition
Nutrition is an important aspect of a patient’s health and is overlooked during medical...
Endocrinology
Thyroid Disease
As a junior, you will frequently see patients who potentially have thyroid dysfunction....
Consent
Clinical recordings and the Correct Consent
In all specialities of medicine patient clinical recordings, whether this is photographs...
Self Harm
Self Harm
The most common place you will see a patient who has self-harmed is in ED, where...
Communicating with Relatives
Communicating with Relatives
We commonly find ourselves needing to communicate with the next of kin & relatives....
Dental Traumatology
Introduction to Dental Traumatology for A&E
This article aims to give basic information on the assessment of dental trauma to...
Sharps Injuries
Sharps Injuries
Sharps injuries happen when you least expect them. You can’t always prevent them...
Bradyarrythmias
Bradyarrhythmias
Bradyarrhythmias are abnormal heart rhythms with a pulse rate of <60 beats per...
Bullying
Bullying and Undermining - Changing Culture
Welcome to FY1. In your first few months, you will find your learning curve is steep...
Chronic Kidney Disease
Managing patients with CKD
In whichever specialty you work, you will encounter large numbers of patients with...
Spinal Cord
Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression
Spinal cord compression occurs when there is compression of the spinal cord or cauda...
PEG Tubes
PEG Tubes
PEG tubes are used as long term feeding options (and medication administration) for...
Chronic Pancreatitis
Chronic Pancreatitis
Chronic pancreatitis is characterised by repeated pancreatic inflammation. This leads...
UTI
Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in adults are extremely common in both primary and...
HIV
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a species of lentivirus that can infect humans...
Hypomagnesaemia
Hypomagnesaemia
The UK Medicines Information group have provided excellent guidance on...
Common Dental Issues
Common Dental Issues
A very quick guide to common issues prompting referrals to maxillofacial surgery...
Mental Health 1
Psychosis
Psychosis refers to patients suffering a loss of contact with reality. It affects...
Eye Drops
Overview of eye drops
Medicines reconciliation is the process of accurately listing a person’s medicines....
Notifiable Diseases
Notifiable Diseases
As a junior doctor, it is your statutory duty as a medical professional to alert...
Consenting Children and Adolescents
Paediatrics: Communication & Consent
As an FY1 you will likely manage paediatric patients during their admission, often...
Sickle Cell Disease
Sickle Cell Disease
Sickle cell diseases are a disorder of haemoglobin affecting red blood cells. This...
Psychotropic medication
Psychotropic medication
Psychotropic medication includes some of the most commonly prescribed medication...
Psychiatry
Applying to Psychiatry Training
Do you have an interest in human behaviour? Did you go into medicine to speak to...
Injury
Safeguarding History – The Basics
Children are vulnerable. Unfortunately, child abuse does happen, and it has a significant...
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
SVC syndrome is an oncological emergency. There is obstruction of the superior vena...
Visual Loss
Sudden Visual Loss
Loss of vision can be a scary symptom for patients to experience, and a scary presentation...
Colorectal Cancer and Polyps
Colorectal Cancer and Polyps
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancer types seen in the western world....
Diplopia
Diplopia
Diplopia, also known as double vision, happens when there is a mismatch in images...
Gynaecology Assessment & Common Disorders
Gynaecology Assessment & Common Disorders
As gynaecology issues uncommonly present on the ward, many doctors have difficulties...
SFP - Academic Station
Specialised Foundation Programme - Academic Station
The academic station generally begins with a personal question and is your opportunity...
SFP - Introduction to Interview
Specialised Foundation Programme - Introduction to interview
The Specialised Foundation Programme (SFP – formerly known as the AFP or academic...
Medical Podcasts
Medical Podcasts that are worth a listen!
We asked on social media what your favourite podcasts were & these were rated...
SFP - Clinical Station
Specialised Foundation Programme - Clinical Station
You will have a total of 10 minutes of interactive time. Prior to the station, you...
Refeeding Syndrome
Refeeding Syndrome
Defined as a collection of electrolyte abnormalities associated with a massive intracellular...
Postnatal
Postnatal Patients
The management and review of postnatal women are usually straightforward. There are...
Benign Anorectal Pathology
Benign Anorectal Pathology
In this article, we cover common benign anorectal pathologies including haemorrhoids,...
Hypophosphataemia
Hypophosphataemia
The UK Medicines Information group have provided excellent guidance on how to replace...
Consenting Children and Adolescents
Consenting Children and Adolescents
The rules on consenting children and adolescents can seem a complex business. Putting...
Rehabilitation Medicine
Applying to Rehabilitation Medicine
Rehabilitation medicine is a holistic specialty in which you spend a great deal of...
Mental Health 3
Anxiety disorders
Anxiety is a commonly experienced symptom as part of the body’s reaction to...
Illness
Coping with illness
Important things to remember You will get sick. That is life. You’re surrounded by...
Arthralgia
Arthralgia
There are three joint pain calls you might receive whilst you’re on call or...
Paediatric Chest Pain
Paediatric Chest Pain
Most of the time, chest pain in children originates from a benign cause. However,...
Hypocalcaemia
Hypocalcaemia
Alongside strengthening bone, calcium is used in the clotting cascade, in muscle...
Duke-Elder Exam
Study Tips for the Duke-Elder Undergraduate Prize Exam
The Duke-Elder Undergraduate Prize Exam is an optional competitive exam run by the...
Skin Cancer
Skin Cancer
Skin cancers have one of the highest global incidences of any type of cancer. Early...
Mental Health 2
Mood (affective) disorders
In this article, we cover depressive disorders, bipolar affective disorder and schizoaffective...
Haematological emergencies
Haematological emergencies
In this article, we give an overview of the most important and serious haematological...
Reporting Adverse Drug Reactions
Reporting Adverse Drug Reactions
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines adverse drug reactions (ADR) as “any...
Foreign Body in Eye
Removal of foreign body from eye
Foreign body in eye is a very common presentation seen in the emergency department....
Essential for FY1
Prepare for FY1 Guide by Specialty
This amazing guide was created by so many amazing doctors like yourself helping each...
Leadership
Leadership
The impact you have on yourself and the impact you have on people around you Although...
Covid
Coronavirus and your wellbeing
Covid-19 is taking a huge emotional toll on everyone. The usual work-life balance tips...
Tinnitus
Tinnitus
Tinnitus is a common and debilitating medical symptom encountered in the field of...
Junior Doctor Pay
How much do junior doctors earn?
Overview of how much junior doctors earn with a broad range of salaries depending...
Ophthalmology Applications
Ophthalmology Applications: How To Get Ahead While Still at Medical School
Ophthalmology is a hugely popular career. Having the skills and ability to improve...
Macular Degeneration
Dry and Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)
Introduction With an increase in the ageing population globally, we will be seeing...
Cataracts
Introduction to Cataracts
A cataract is “a clouding of the lens of the eye or of its surrounding transparent...
Junior Doctor Pay Calculator
Junior Doctor Pay Calculator
We’ve created a junior doctor pay calculator which will help you better understand...
Plastic Surgery
A Career in Plastic Surgery
If you ask most people (medics included!) what they think of when you say plastic...

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